In the present days of globalization the main role is played by the international standards as a means of access to the markets. It is enough to mention the International Organization for Standardization’s motto “One standard, one test, access everywhere”.
Approximately 30% of CEN standards are identically implemented international standards as well as 80% of CENELEC standards, which highlights the important role of the international standards for the global trade.
The International Organization for Standardization www.iso.org is a global network of the national standards bodies. It was established in 1947 with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. ISO is a developer of standards in all fields except in the electrotechnical field. ISO’s principal goal is to contribute to the development of standardization and related fields with a view of facilitating the trade exchange of products and services between countries and strengthening the international partnership in the field of intellectual, scientific, technical and economic activities. ISO’s members are 164 countries. Full member bodies are entitled to participate in ISO’s Technical Committees work. The ISO’s activity is managed by the General Assembly. Bulgaria is a member of ISO since 1955.
The International Electrotechnical Commission www.iec.ch develops International standards in the electrical, electronic and related technologies. It was established in 1906. Bulgaria is a member of IEC since 1958.
The International Telecommunication Union www.itu.int is the leading United Nation agency for telecommunication technologies. The agency coordinates the common use of the radio-frequency spectrum, helps the international communication and cooperation in the field of geostationary orbits and develops International standards for providing smooth interaction in a broad diapason of the radio-frequency spectrum.